The effectiveness of poetry for enhancing students’ vocabularies on reading

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Lilis Mardayati
Rika Riwayatiningsih


Reading comes to the priority to be learned, this is opposite with the fact that Indonesia was ranked 69th out of 127 countries in terms of reading competence. It shows that Indonesian literacy is still low compared to other neighboring countries that have a similar condition. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of poetry reading material on enhancing students’ vocabularies. The hypothesis was tested using pre-test and post-test and analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) verse 20. The approach of this research is quantitative methods. The sample used a random sample of the 10th grade students of social science 4, SMAN 3 Kediri. The result of this study display has a significant effect on students’ vocabulary proficiency at the 10th grade students of SMAN 3 Kediri. The students’ highest score of pre-test was 78, meanwhile post-test showed the highest score about 84. Students’ vocabulary proficiency is considered low before being taught using poetry material in reading therefore, this study suggests for the next researcher to conduct a research with different teaching strategy, various poetry materials and in a longer period of time.

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How to Cite
Lilis Mardayati, & Rika Riwayatiningsih. (2022). The effectiveness of poetry for enhancing students’ vocabularies on reading. ELTT, 8(1), 67–72. Retrieved from


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